API SP and ILSAC GF-6 Specifications Are Coming In 2020
Wednesday, February 19, 2020 9:30 PM
Carmakers continue the drive to efficiency and fuel economy. With these goals, demands on engines and their componentry continue to increase. Today’s engines are smaller, lighter and more efficient with technologies designed improve fuel economy, performance and power. This means engine oil technology must evolve to meet the higher demands of these modern engines.
The American Petroleum Institute (API) and International Lubricant Specialist Advisory Committee (ILSAC) are introducing new standards in 2020. These standards reflect the development of new engines with cleaner emissions and better fuel efficiency. These power plants require oils with comparable lubrication technology. Consequently, Valvoline will upgrade current engine oil formulations and introduce new engine oils to meet these specifications.
WHAT ARE API & ILSAC?
ILSAC, The International Lubricants Standardisation and Approval Committee, was formed in 1992 by AAMA (American Automobile Manufacturers Association, representatives of DaimlerChrysler Corporation, Ford Motor Company, and General Motors Corporation) and JAMA (Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association) to define the needs, parameters, licensing, and administration of lubricant specifications. Along with the Tripartite system—API, SAE, and ASTM— they formed the Engine Oil Licensing and Certification System (EOLCS).
API stands for American Petroleum Institute. API is responsible for identifying the standard that an engine oil meets. To receive the API seal of approval, the engine oil has to comply with the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) oil viscosity standards. The API is a consensus specification voted on by all automotive organizations. ILSAC differs because it also measures fuel economy, while API does not.
What Are the New Standards Being Introduced In 2020?
GF-6A and GF-6B are the latest minimum standards implemented by ILSAC to ensure oils are meeting the needs of newer vehicles and new engine technology. API SP is the new minimum engine oil standard developed to address the critical needs of today’s engines; including chain wear, Low Speed Pre-Ignition, and deposit formation. API SP is the foundation for the ILSAC GF-6 specification but does not include fuel economy. API SP is available for different viscosity grades.
Why it is Happening?
Car manufacturers now require higher-quality oils to protect their latest generation engine designs, along with a need for lubricants to offer a greater contribution to fuel economy. ILSAC GF-6A and GF-6B improves upon the ILSAC GF-5 requirements in six areas:
1. Fuel economy and fuel economy retention.
2. Engine durability.
3. Wear protection for idle-stop.
4. Low Speed Pre-Ignition minimisation.
5. Engine oil aeration reduction.
6. Turbocharger deposit control.
When is the first license date for GF-6 and API SP?
May 1, 2020. Valvoline is hard at work to be ready for launch.
When will Valvoline be ready? Does Valvoline meet ILSAC GF-6?
Valvoline expects our portfolio to be GF-6 ready before the first license date, and we will move quickly to highlight these products once available.
Do you have an API SP and GF-6 action plan for your workshop?
You should expect to see OEM service bulletins and updated online owner’s manuals in 2020 that recommend ILSAC GF-6/API SP engine oils. Also, new 2021 model year vehicles will begin to be specify GF-6/API SP. Valvoline can help prepare your team and your customers on the change and what to expect.
If you have any questions about these upcoming product changes or which product suits your vehicle, please contact:
Customer Service: 1800 458 237
Monday – Friday 8.00am – 5.30pm AEST
Technical Hotline: 1800 804 658
Monday – Friday 8.30am – 4.30pm